Women’s History Month DC Memorials

Celebrating Women’s History Month with a listing of a few statues in Washington, D.C., dedicated to women.

Joan of Arc

Joan of Arc Statue in Meridian Hill Park
Joan of Arc Statue in Meridian Hill Park

The only equestrian statue of a women in the Nation’s Capital, the Joan of Arc statue was given to the United States by a group of women, Society of French Women of New York, and is dedicated to the women of the United States.

Vietnam Women’s Memorial

The Vietnam Women’s Memorial is dedicated to the women of the United States who served int he Vietnam War.

The Vietnam Women’s Memorial is located near the Vietnam Memorial on the (western) National Mall in Washington, D.C. The monument was dedicated in 1993, and designed by Glenna Goodacre.

Mary McLeod Bethune Memorial in Lincoln Park, NE, Washington, D.C.

This memorial to Mary McLeod Bethune is located in Lincoln Park and was the first memorial to an African-American woman in the Nation’s capital.

This memorial to Mary McLeod Bethune is located in Lincoln Park and was the first memorial to an African-American woman in the Nation’s capital.

Black History Month, DC Memorials

A celebration of Black History Month in DC with by learning about a few statues and memorials dedicated to famous African-Americans.

Carter G. Woodson Memorial

Carter G Woodson Memorial Park
Carter G Woodson Memorial Park is a located at the corner of 9th and Rhode Island Avenue NW, a couple of blocks from his home at 1538 9th Street NW

The Carter G. Woodson Memorial located at 9th Street and Rhode Island Avenue, NW, is one of the newest memorials in the Nation’s Capital. It was dedicated in 2016.

Carter Goodwin Woodson is called the “father of black history.” He began celebrating “Negro History Week” in February 1926, which became Black History Month in 1970. Woodson’s home in Washington, D.C., located at 1538 9th is a National Historic Site and is managed by the National Park Service.

Cardozo African American Civil War Memorial

The African American Civil War Memorial
The African American Civil War Memorial located at U Street and Vermont Avenue, NW, was dedicated in July of 1998

Located at the corner of U Street and Vermont Avenue, NW, at the 9th Street exit from the Metro, the memorial statue was dedicated in 1988 in honor of the more than 200,000 members of the United States Colored Troops. Learn more about the statue and the African American Civil Ware Memorial Museum

Frederick Douglass Statue

Frederick Douglass Statue, Emancipation Hall, U.S. Capitol
The Frederick Douglass Statue located in Emancipation Hall at the U.S. Capitol Visitor Center

All 50 States are allowed two statues in the U.S. Capitol, but the District of Columbia was only allowed one. Frederick Douglass was born a slave in February 1818 in Maryland but escaped slavery by escaping to New York. He moved to Washington, D.C., in 1871, and died on February 20, 1895 at his home, #CedarHill, in Anacostia, Washington, D.C. The statue of Douglass was placed in the U.S. Capitol’s Emancipation Hall in 2012. The sculptor was Steven Weitzman.

Benjamin Banneker Memorial Park

Benjamin Banneker Park is located at the end of 10th Street SW and overlooks the Wharf development.

Located at the end of L’Enfant Boulevard in Southwest DC the National park is dedicated to Benjamin Banneker, who helped Pierre L’Enfant and Andrew Ellicott map out the city of Washington. The park was constructed in 1970.

Mary McLeod Bethune

Mary McLeod Bethune Memorial in Lincoln Park, NE, Washington, D.C.

Mary McLeod Bethune was one of the most important and accomplished women of her time. She was the founder of the National Council of Negro Women, served in the Franklin D. Roosevelt Administration, and founded a boarding school which eventually became the Bethune-Cookman College in Daytona Beach, Florida. Her house, in Washington, D.C., is a National Historic Site.

This memorial to Mary McLeod Bethune is located in Lincoln Park and was the first memorial to an African-American woman in the Nation’s capital.

Gravelly Point, A Photo Essay

Gravelly Point is a park located northwest of National Airport and provides a viewing area of planes takeoff and landing. Gravelly Point is part of the National Park Service’ George Washington Member Parkway.

Gravelly Point is a park located northwest of National Airport and provides a viewing area of planes takeoff and landing. Gravelly Point is part of the National Park Service’ George Washington Member Parkway.

Gravelly Point Plane
Directly overhead (the ball is from the soccer players on the field near the picnic tables)

Gravelly Point Plane
At Gravelly Point looking towards National Airport as a plane approaches the runway

The name Gravelly Point refers to the actual gravel that made the point.

“Look at a geologic map of Washington and its environs, and you will see a lot of gravel.” wrote John Kelly, of The Washington Post, in his column titled, some out-of-town Congress-people want to rename Gravelly Point. Here’s why we shouldn’t let them.

Gravelly Point Plane on Approach
Plane approaching National Airport with Washington and Jefferson Memorials in background

Hahnemann Memorial

Statue: Christian Friedrich Samuel Hahnemann (April 10, 1755 – July 2, 1843)
Location: Scott Circle, Massachusetts and Rhode Island at 16th Street, NW
Sculptor: Charles Henry Niehaus, New York
Architect: Isralis and Harder
Dedication: June 21, 1900
Cost: $75,000 (most raised by subscription)

Christian Friedrich Samuel Hahnemann was a German physician, known for creating the system of alternative medicine called homeopathy. He died in 1843 in Paris, at 88 years of age, and is entombed in a mausoleum at Paris’s Père Lachaise Cemetery.

In 1892 at the annual meeting of the American Institute of Homeopathy held in Washington, DC., the idea of a memorial to Hahnemann was first proposed. A committee was formed, led by Dr. J. H. McClelland of Pittsburgh, PA. In 1895, after a design competition judged by a group from the American Sculptors and Architects’ League, Charles H. Niehaus‘ design won first prize.  Charles H. Niehaus was a well-known sculptor from New York City.

On January 30, 1900, Congress granted permission for the erection of a Hahnemann monument on public grounds and included an appropriation of $4,000 for a foundation. The law also created a commission for the monument, and the Scott Circle location was chosen on February 17, 1900.

The dedication ceremony took place on June 21, 1900 with President McKinley in attendance as a spectator. The statue was unveiled while the Marine band played “America.”

The memorial is elliptical and made of white marble. In the center is a  bronze statue of a seated Hahnemann, with the inscription above reading “Hahnemann.” The features on the statue were copied from David. On the statue pedestal is the Latin inscription “Similia Similibus Curentur” which means “Likes are cured by Like.”

The niche behind the statue is decorated in glazed colored mosaic representing the foliages and flower of the cinchona plant, a reference to the medicinal properties of the cinchona bark.

On the curved sides of the memorial, flanking the statue, are four brass bas-reliefs.

On the left side is a bas-relief reflecting study and experimentation. Underneath the relief is the inscription, “Die Milde Macht ist Gross” translated from German it means “Gentle Power is Great.” Next to the relief is inscribed “Aude Saper” which means “Dare to Know” in Latin.

On the right side the bas-relief show Hahnemann as a teacher and a physician. Underneath the relief is the saying “In Omnibus Caritas” meaning “In All Things Charity.” And next to that is the inscription Non Inutilis Vixi, which in Latin means “I have not lived in vain” an inscription that Hahnemann himself suggested for his monument in 1839.

The back of the memorial has the inscription

Christian Friederich Samuel Hahnemann
Doctor in Medicine
Hofrath
Leader of the Great
Medical Reformation
of the Nineteenth
Century
Founder of the
Homeopathic School

topped with the date when the memorial was created, MCM – 1900.

Flanking the inscription are the dates of Hahnemann’s birth (on the left) Meissen, April 10, 1755; and death, Paris, July 2, 1843, encircled with laurel wreaths. 

References
Scott Circle in its setting of Fame, by John Clagett Proctor. Evening Star, July 22, 1934
The Hahnemann Memorial, Evening Star, July 20, 1895
The Hahnemann Memorial, Evening Star, February 19, 1900